Today, person literacy has been projected to be around 78 percent for men and 64 percent for women. These statistics were made based on calculate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among northern Muslims. It is thus perhaps not incorrect to contact Nigeria a state dominated with intelligent persons.
Ahead of Nigeria’s independence, Nigeria had just two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Larger school (founded in 1934, Today Yaba College of Technology) and the College of Ibadan was established in 1948. It was then a University of the College of London until couple of years following the freedom when she turned autonomous. More distinguished universities such as University of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo School (formerly University of Ife), Ahmadu Bello University and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo School (formerly College of Lagos) were created in the years that used the Independence.
In 1970s more universities were established including School of Benin (founded in 1970), and new university opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Dock Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were exposed in addition to institute specializing in Agriculture and Technology. A number of Polytechnics were also opened, including the Yaba College of Engineering in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.
In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the principal schools was 12 million, Secondary and technical schools 1.2 million, educators colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. You might expect that with this estimate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades after could have considerably improved. Regrettably the opposite has been the case.
The present decline in the Nigerian education process could be traced back again to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there is a scarcity of competent teachers, the several qualified teachers weren’t compensated in a timely manner. The number of colleges did not grow with the population and many of the present colleges were inadequately funded causing poor maintenance. In the Universities inadequate funding resulted in the shortage of space and resources. Escalation in tuition charge often triggered riots resulting in termination of semesters. Professional measures by the School Staff requesting for larger salaries and greater functioning situations also compounded the situations. Nevertheless, today governors generally in most state are handling these issues.
The injury to the instructional process has been done. Many graduates absence the mandatory success and social skills which should have now been learnt in schools. These have resulted in many terrible situations in the nation. The middle of the nation’s growth “the Knowledge process” no more holds price; hence the entire nation is falling apart. Items of the Nigeria education process aren’t employable, producing enormous unemployment and under-development in the country. Number emergency skills leading to increased poverty rate in the country 2020 FREE JAMB CBT EXPO/RUNZ.
The specific situation nevertheless isn’t totally hopeless. The inspiration of knowledge in Nigeria upon that your Europeans put the western-style knowledge is strong. It has maintained to keep the educational program of the country together through the problem days. But, if left alone, we will all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Points break apart, The center can’t hold… Anarchy is placed forth everywhere.